Comparative law encompasses the study of differences and similarities in the laws of various countries. In particular, comparative law involves the study of the numerous legal systems that exist in the world. This comprises of common law, socialist law, Jewish law, civil law, Hindu law, and Chinese Law. Additionally, this field of law seeks to analyze and describe foreign legal systems, even in areas where no clear comparison has been carried out.
Comparative law was developed in the 18th century, especially in Europe. However, a large number of law scholars had practiced different comparative methodologies. Presently, comparative law plays a critical role in helping people to comprehend foreign legal systems. Moreover, it aids in the harmonization of laws. For this reason, application of comparative law results in a superior world order and international cooperation. The law has been widely used. Today, many legislators in different countries apply the principles of comparative law when creating new legislation. In addition, many courts have used international law as a source of inspiration. The usage of comparative law systems is increasing across various disciplines, including academic. Presently, the focus is on specific fields of law, which include comparative law methodology.
The intent of comparative law is to help individuals gain deeper knowledge of different legal systems, improve such systems, and contribute to the harmonization of the same. When it comes to the relationship of comparative law and other legal subjects, the differences notwithstanding, it is normative in that it informs the other legal fields.
About Sujit Choudhry
Sujit Choudhry is a renowned authority in comparative constitutional law. As an adviser, Choudhry combines a broad research agenda with his extensive field experience. He has used this methodology in the constitution building process in countries such as Jordan, Egypt, South Africa, Nepal, Libya, Tunisia, Ukraine, and Sri Lanka. Additionally, Choudhry has lectured in more than 12 countries. His research interests centers on addressing constitutional design as a means of controlling the switch from violent conflict to peaceful politics.
Choudhry (https://vimeo.com/10640696) has also focused on ethnically divided communities, decentralization, federalism, in addition to secession. Some of his edited collections are Constitutional Design for Divided Societies and The Migration of Constitutional Ideas. Choudhry is the Center for Constitutional Transitions’ founding director. The center generates and mobilizes knowledge to help individuals succeed in constitution building. It achieves this objective by assembling and guiding international networks of professionals to finish research projects that provide policy options. The options offered by Choudhry’s center are evidence based.